Jordan Journal of Nursing Research
Factors Predicting the Willingness of Parents to Have Their Children Vaccinated against COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Survey in Jordan


Reem Ali;


Background: COVID-19 vaccination has proven effective in controlling   the spread of corona viruses. However, many parents remain unwilling to have their children vaccinated. 

Purposes: This study aims to investigate   the willingness on the part of Jordanian parents to have their children receive COVID-19 vaccines and to examine the predictors of this parental willingness. These predictors/variables include parents’ demographic variables, risk perception, and trust in health authorities and healthcare professionals.

Methods: In September 2020 an online survey was used to generate a sample made up of parents residing in every region of the country using a proportional cluster protocol.   A self-reporting questionnaire was used to generate the data.   

Results: A total of 1,252 parents participated in this study.   Analysis revealed that 25.5% of the parents were willing to vaccinate their children and that a further 25%, approximately, trusted what the health authorities had to say about the pandemic.  While 31.4% trusted healthcare professionals for caring for COVID-19 infected people. Finally, the results of the study showed that parental risk perception, trust, gender, and education were significant predictors of the parents’ willingness to vaccinate their children.

Conclusion/Implications for future practice: Among Jordanian parents, the high prevalence of opposition to vaccinating children may be explained by such factors as risk perception of COVID-19, trust in health authorities and healthcare professionals, and demographics.  Health promotion initiatives are needed to provide parents with clear, accurate, and transparent information about the possible risks of COVID-19 infection among children and the vaccine’s benefits for both   children and   communities. 



COVID-19 vaccine, children, Jordan, parent’s perceived risk, trust, healthcare professionals, health promotion.